Question-and- Answer Service Student Guide - Maine.gov

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April 2017

Question-andAnswer Service Student Guide Ideas for using the QAS report The answer key for the test you took Instructions for scoring your test

NOT FOR REPRODUCTION OR RESALE.

About the College Board The College Board is a mission-driven not-for-profit organization that connects students to college success and opportunity. Founded in 1900, the College Board was created to expand access to higher education. Today, the membership association is made up of over 6,000 of the world’s leading educational institutions and is dedicated to promoting excellence and equity in education. Each year, the College Board helps more than seven million students prepare for a successful transition to college through programs and services in college readiness and college success—including the SAT® and the Advanced Placement Program®. The organization also serves the education community through research and advocacy on behalf of students, educators, and schools. For further information, visit collegeboard.org.

SAT CUSTOMER SERVICE You can reach us from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. Eastern Time (9 a.m. to 7 p.m. in the summer). Phone: 866-756-7346 International: +1-212-713-7789 Email: [email protected] Mail: College Board SAT Program, P.O. Box 025505, Miami, FL 33102

Table of Contents 1 Introduction 1 Using Your QAS Report 1 Scoring Your Test 1 Learning from Your SAT Experience 2 Scoring Your SAT 2 Scores Overview 2 How to Calculate Your Test Scores 2 Get Section and Total Scores 4 Answer Key—Determine Raw Scores 6 Get Cross-Test Scores 8 Get Subscores 11 Conversion Tables 14 The SAT Essay 15 Essay Scoring Guide

© 2017 The College Board. College Board, Advanced Placement, SAT, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Board. Visit College Board on the Web: collegeboard.org. Khan Academy is a registered trademark in the United States and other jurisdictions.

Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Introduction Congratulations on taking the SAT! Your Question-and-Answer Service (QAS) for the April 2017 SAT includes three parts: this guide, which will help you understand your scores; a copy of the test you took; and a customized QAS report that lists these details about each question: ▶▶

Answer you gave

▶▶

Best or correct answer

▶▶

Question type

▶▶

Difficulty level

USING YOUR QAS REPORT To make the best use of your personalized QAS report, consider these steps: ▶▶

With the report in hand, read each question in your test booklet, then check your results. Look at questions you answered incorrectly to see whether you might have misread the question or mismarked the answer.

▶▶

Print your online score report at studentscores.collegeboard.org to keep track of how you did on the different types of questions. This can help you understand your academic strengths and identify areas for improvement.

▶▶

If you think you detect errors in how you recorded your answers—for example, a group of questions that you recall answering differently than what you see on the report—you may want to consider ordering a more rigorous form of score verification. See sat.org/verify-scores for more details.

▶▶

If you took the optional SAT Essay, view a copy of your essay online at collegeboard.org/viewessay. Take a look at the Essay scoring information on pages 14–16 of this guide to help you interpret your scores.

SCORING YOUR TEST Use the scoring information and score conversion tables on pages 4–13 to verify the score on your test. The scoring worksheets and score conversion tables are specific to the test you took. Don’t try to score any other tests using them.

LEARNING FROM YOUR SAT EXPERIENCE Now that you’re familiar with the test, you should have a better sense of the kinds of questions you'll see on the SAT. You’re also likely to be more comfortable with the test-taking process, including the time limits. If you’re thinking of taking the test again, you should know that on average, students who take the SAT a second time see an increase in their scores. In addition, your test results are a powerful tool for getting personalized instruction to improve your scores. At satpractice.org you can access Official SAT Practice on Khan Academy, where you can use your actual SAT results to receive practice recommendations tailored to help you work on the areas that you need to focus on. Visit satpractice.org to learn more.

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Scoring Your SAT SCORES OVERVIEW The new SAT provides more information about your learning by reporting more scores than ever before. Each of the SAT Suite of Assessments (SAT, PSAT/NMSQT®, PSAT™ 10, and PSAT™ 8/9) reports test scores and cross-test scores on a common scale. Additionally, subscores provide more diagnostic information. For more details about scores, visit sat.org/scores.

HOW TO CALCULATE YOUR TEST SCORES Get Set Up 1. You’ll

need the customized QAS report with your answers. You’ll also need the answer key (pages 4–5) and conversion tables (pages 11–13) provided in this section.

2. Using

the answer key, count up your total correct answers for each section. You may want to write the number of correct answers for each section at the bottom of that section in the answer key.

3. Using

your marked-up answer key and the conversion tables, follow the directions on the next few pages to get all of your scores.

GET SECTION AND TOTAL SCORES Your total score on the SAT is the sum of your Evidence-Based Reading and Writing section score and your Math section score. To get your total score, you will convert your raw score for each section—the number of questions you got right in that section—into the scaled score for that section, then calculate the total score.

Calculating Your Evidence-Based Reading and Writing Section Score Calculate your SAT Evidence-Based Reading and Writing Section score (it’s on a scale of 200–800) by first determining your Reading Test score and your Writing and Language Test score. Here’s how: 1. Use

the Answer Key to determine your raw scores (the number of correct answers).

2. Go

to Raw Score Conversion Table 1: Section and Test Scores on page 11. Look in the “Raw Score” column for your raw score, and match it to the number in the “Reading Test Score” column.

3. Do

the same with Section 2 to determine your Writing and Language Test score.

4. Add

your Reading Test score to your Writing and Language Test score.

5. Multiply

that number by 10. This is your Evidence-Based Reading and Writing Section score.

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Calculating Your Math Section Score Calculate your SAT Math section score (it’s on a scale of 200–800), as follows: 1. Count

the number of correct answers you got on the Math Test – No Calculator and the Math Test – Calculator.

2. Add

the number of correct answers you got on each portion.

3. As

you did with your Reading and Writing and Language Test scores, go to the Raw Score Conversion Table 1: Section and Test Scores to turn your raw score into your Math section score. Find your raw score in the “Raw Score” column and match it to the number in the same row in the “Math Test Score” column.

Calculating Your Total Score Add your Evidence-Based Reading and Writing section score to your Math section score. The result is your total score on the SAT, on a scale of 400–1600.

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Answer Key – Determine Raw Scores Reading Answers Reading TestTest Answers 1(a-d) Question #

Correct Answer

Question #

1

C

Reading2 Test Answers A 1(a-d) 3

C

Correct Answer

Question #

Correct Answer

Question #

Correct Answer

14

B

27

D

40

A

15

A

28

A

41

B

16

A

29

C

42

C

Correct B Answer

Question #

Correct C Answer

Question #

Correct C Answer

Question #

10

A

23

D

36

D

49

B

11

D

24

A

37

D

50

C

25

D

38

C

51

A

26

C

39

D

52

4

Question # 5 1 6 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 10 6 11 7 12 8 13 9

B C A A D C C B C B A A D D D C B C

17

18 14 19 15 20 16 21 17 22 18 23 19 24 20 25 21 26 22

Writing 12 and LanguageD Answers 2(a-d) 13 Test Raw Score B Reading Correct (Number of Correct Answers)

31 27 32 28 33 29 34 30 35 31 36 32 37 33 38 34 39 35

B D A A A C B C B B D A D A C B D B

43

44 40 45 41 46 42 47 43 48 44 49 45 50 46 51 47 52 48

Correct A Answer B A D B C C D A B B B D C C A D C B

C

Question #

Answer

Question #

Correct Answer

Question #

Correct Answer

1

A

12

A

23

A

34

C

B

24

B

35

D

D

25

C

36

Writing and Language Writing2 and Language 2(a-d)Answers C AnswersTest 13 3

B

Question #

Correct A Answer

8 9

14

Question #

Correct C Answer

Question #

D

19

A

C

20

A

10

B

21

C

11

D

22

C

4

5 1 6 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 10 6 11 7

B A A C B B D A C B B A D B

Writing and Language Test Raw Score

(Number of Correct Answers)

4

D B C A B A C C C D D C A B D C C C

30

15

16 12 17 13 18 14 19 15 20 16 21 17 22 18

C A A B B D A C A C C A C B

Question #

Correct Answer

B

Correct D Answer

Question #

30

B

41

A

31

D

42

D

32

C

43

C

33

A

44

D

26

27 23 28 24 29 25 30 26 31 27 32 28 33 29

B A C B B C B D D B C C A B

37

38 34 39 35 40 36 41 37 42 38 43 39 44 40

Correct C Answer C C B D D B A C D C C B D D

"U" indicates a question that did not perform as expected and has been removed from scoring.

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Answer Key – Determine Raw Scores (continued) Math Test – Calculator No Calculator Math Test – No AnswersAnswers Table 3 Question #

Correct Answer

Question #

Correct Answer

Question #

Correct Answer

1

B

5

B

2

B

6

D

9

C

13

B

10

A

14

3

A

7

C

B

11

D

15

C

A

12

D

Question #

Correct Answer

Question #

Correct Answer

Question #

Correct Answer

5

B

9

C

13

B

6

D

10

A

14

B

7

C

11

D

15

C

8

A

12

D

Correct Answer

Question #

Correct Answer

Question #

Correct Answer A

4 C 8 Math Test – No Calculator Answers Table 3

Question # 16 Question # 17 1 18 2 19 3 20 4

Question # 16

Correct Answer Correct Answer 9 6,7,10 B 14 B 210 A 2,7 C

Correct Answer

Question #

Correct Answer 9

Math 17 Test – Calculator Answers Table 4 6,7,10 18 14 Correct Math Test – No Calculator Answer 19 Question # Score 210 Raw 20 2,7 (Number 1 of Correct Answers) C

Question # 9

B

17

D

25

2

A

10

C

18

B

26

C

3

D

11

A

19

D

27

A

C

20

B

28

D

B

21

B

29

Math 4Test – Calculator Answers C 12 Math Test – Calculator Answers Table 4 5

C

Question #

Correct D Answer

2

A

6

7 81

Question # 3 31 4 32 5 33 6 34 7 35 8 36

Question # 37 31 38 32

A C B

Correct Answer D 11 C 10 C 1/2,.5 D 2 A 20 B 65

A

Question #

Correct C Answer

Question #

Correct A Answer

10

C

18

B

26

C

14 15 9 16

B B D

22

23 17 24

D D C

30

Question #

Correct D Answer

25

A

11

A

19

D

27

A

12

C

20

B

28

D

13

B

21

B

29

A

14

C

22

A

30

D

15

B

23

D

16

D

24

C

Correct Answer

88 11 2.1,21/10 10

33

1/2,.5

34

2

35

20

36

65

37

88

38

2.1,21/10

Math Test – Calculator Raw Score (Number of Correct Answers)

K-5MSA09

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"U" indicates a question that did not perform as expected and has been removed from scoring.

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

GET CROSS-TEST SCORES The new SAT also reports two cross-test scores: Analysis in History/Social Studies and Analysis in Science. These scores are based on questions in the Reading, Writing and Language, and Math Tests that ask you to think analytically about texts and questions in these subject areas. Cross-test scores are reported on a scale of 10–40.

Calculating Your Cross-Test Scores You can calculate your cross-test scores as follows: 1. Use

the tables on the next page to calculate your cross-test scores:

2. Find

the questions in each section that count toward each cross-test score. These are shown with a "Y" next to the question number in the tables. Refer to your QAS report to see which of those questions you answered correctly on the test, and then check the box for each correct answer.

3. Count

the number of correct answers for each cross-test area and record that as your raw score for that area.

4. Use

the conversion table on page 12 to determine your scaled score (10–40) for each area.

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Cross-Test Scores Tables – Determine Cross-Test Raw Scores Y = Counts toward Cross-Test score. On your QAS report, look up every question marked “Y” below to see if you answered it correctly. If so, check off the box for that question below.

Table 5a and 5b

Analysis in History/Social Studies (HSS) Reading 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

Writing and Language 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

HSS Raw Score

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Y Y Y Y Y Y

Math Test Calculator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Y

Y Y Y

Y Y

Y

Analysis in Science (SCI) Math Test No Calculator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Y

Reading 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

Writing and Language 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

Y Y Y Y

Y Y

Math Test Calculator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Y

Y Y

Y

Math Test No Calculator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Y

Y

Y

Y

SCI Raw Score

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

GET SUBSCORES Subscores provide more detailed information about your strengths in specific areas within literacy and math. Subscores are reported on a scale of 1–15. ▶▶

The Command of Evidence subscore is based on questions from both the Reading Test and the Writing and Language Test that ask you to interpret and use evidence found in a wide range of passages and informational graphics, such as graphs, tables, and charts.

▶▶

The Words in Context subscore is based on questions from both the Reading Test and the Writing and Language Test that address the meaning in context of words/phrases and rhetorical word choice.

▶▶

The Expression of Ideas subscore is based on questions from the Writing and Language Test that focus on topic development, organization, and rhetorically effective use of language.

▶▶

The Standard English Conventions subscore is based on questions from the Writing and Language Test that focus on sentence structure, usage, and punctuation.

▶▶

The Heart of Algebra subscore is based on questions from the Math Test that focus on linear equations and inequalities.

▶▶

The Problem Solving and Data Analysis subscore is based on questions from the Math Test that focus on quantitative reasoning, the interpretation and synthesis of data, and solving problems in rich and varied contexts.

▶▶

The Passport to Advanced Math subscore is based on questions from the Math Test that focus on topics central to the ability of students to progress to more advanced mathematics, such as understanding the structure of expressions, reasoning with more complex equations, and interpreting and building functions.

Calculating Your Subscores You can use the subscore tables beginning on the next page to calculate your subscores as follows: 1. Find

the questions that count toward each subscore. These are shown with a "Y" next to the question number in the tables. Refer to your QAS report to see which of those questions you answered correctly on the test, and then check the box for each correct answer.

2. Count

the number of correct answers for each area and record that as your raw score for that area.

3. Finally,

use the conversion table on page 13 to determine your scaled score (1–15) for each area.

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Subscores Tables – Determine Subscore Raw Scores Y = Counts toward subscore. On your QAS report, look up every question marked "Y" to see if you answered it correctly. If so, check off the box for that question.

Table 6 (a-d)

Command of Evidence (COE) Reading 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y Y

Y

Y

Writing and Language 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

Y Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y Y

Y

Y

COE Raw Score

K-5MSA09

Expression of Ideas (EOI) Reading 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

Words in Context (WIC)

Writing and Language 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

Y Y Y Y Y Y

Y Y Y Y

Y Y

Y

Y Y Y Y Y Y

Y Y Y Y Y

WIC Raw Score

Reading 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

Y

Y

Y Y

Y

Y

Y Y

Standard English Conventions (SEC)

Writing and Language 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

Y Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

EOI Raw Score

Reading 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

Writing and Language 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

Y

Y

Y Y Y Y

Y

Y Y

Y Y Y Y Y Y

Y Y Y

Y Y

SEC Raw Score

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Subscores Tables – Determine Subscore Raw Scores (continued) Y = Counts toward Subscore. On your QAS report, look up every question marked "Y" to see if you answered it correctly. If so, check off the box for that question.

Table 6(e-g)

Heart of Algebra (HOA) Math Test – Calculator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Y

Y Y

Y Y

Y

Y

Math Test – No Calculator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Y Y

Y Y

Y Y Y Y

Y Y

Y

Y

HOA Raw Score

10

Problem Solving and Data Analysis (PSD) Math Test – Calculator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Y Y Y Y

Y Y

Y Y Y Y

Math Test – No Calculator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Y Y Y

Y Y Y Y

PSD Raw Score

Passport to Advanced Math (PAM) Math Test – Calculator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Y

Y

Y

Math Test – No Calculator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Y Y Y

Y Y Y Y

Y

Y

Y Y

Y

Y

PAM Raw Score

K-5MSA09

Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

CONVERSION TABLES Raw Score Conversion – Section and Test Scores Table 7 (a-b)

Section and Test Scores RAW SCORE CONVERSION TABLE 1 (# of correct answers)

Math Section Score

Reading Test Score

Writing and Language Test Score

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

200 210 220 230 250 260 280 290 310 320 340 350 360 380 390 400 420 430 440 450 460 470 480 490 500 510 520 520 530 540

10 10 10 10 11 12 13 14 15 15 16 17 17 18 19 19 20 20 21 22 22 23 24 24 25 25 26 27 27 28

10 10 10 11 12 13 13 14 15 16 17 18 18 19 20 20 21 22 22 23 23 24 25 25 26 26 27 27 28 29

Raw Score

(# of correct answers)

Math Section Score

30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58

540 550 560 570 580 590 590 600 610 620 630 640 650 650 660 670 680 690 700 710 720 730 740 750 770 780 790 800 800

Raw Score

Reading Test Score 28 29 29 30 30 31 31 32 32 33 33 34 34 35 35 36 36 37 37 38 39 39 40

Writing and Language Test Score 29 30 30 31 31 32 33 33 34 35 35 36 38 39 40

Section and Test Scores CONVERSION EQUATION 1 CONVERT



READING TEST RAW SCORE (0-52)

READING TEST SCORE (10-40) CONVERT

+



WRITING AND LANGUAGE TEST RAW SCORE (0-44)

WRITING AND LANGUAGE TEST SCORE (10-40)

+ MATH TEST – NO CALCULATOR RAW SCORE (0-20)

K-5MSA09

READING TEST SCORE (10-40)

READING AND WRITING TEST SCORE (20-80) CONVERT

= MATH TEST – CALCULATOR RAW SCORE (0-38)

× 10 =

=

+



MATH SECTION RAW SCORE (0-58)

EVIDENCE-BASED READING AND WRITING SECTION SCORE (200-800)

MATH SECTION SCORE (200-800)

= EVIDENCE-BASED READING AND WRITING SECTION SCORE (200-800)

TOTAL SAT SCORE (400-1600)

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Raw Score Conversion – Cross-Test Scores Table 9 (a-b) Scores Cross-Test RAW SCORE CONVERSION | TABLE 2

(# of correct answers)

Analysis in History/Social Studies Cross-Test Score

Analysis in Science Cross-Test Score

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

10 10 10 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 21 22 23 23 24 25 26

10 11 12 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 22 23 24 25 26 27

Raw Score

(# of correct answers)

Analysis in History/Social Studies Cross-Test Score

Analysis in Science Cross-Test Score

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

27 28 28 29 29 30 31 31 32 33 33 34 35 35 36 37 38 40

27 28 29 30 30 31 32 32 33 34 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 40

Raw Score

Cross-Test Scores CONVERSION EQUATION 2 CONVERT



ANALYSIS IN HISTORY/ SOCIAL STUDIES RAW SCORE (0-35)

12

ANALYSIS IN HISTORY/ SOCIAL STUDIES SUBSCORE (10-40)

CONVERT



ANALYSIS IN SCIENCE RAW SCORE (0-35)

ANALYSIS IN SCIENCE SUBSCORE (10-40)

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Raw Score Conversion – Subscores Subscores Table 8

RAW SCORE CONVERSION TABLE 3 Raw Score (# of correct answers)

Expression of Ideas

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

1 1 2 3 3 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 13 13 14 15 15

Standard English Conventions 1 1 1 2 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 9 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Heart of Algebra

Problem Solving and Data Analysis

Passport to Advanced Math

1 1 1 3 4 5 7 8 8 9 10 10 11 12 13 14 14 15

1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 10 10 11 12 13 14 14 15

1 2 3 4 5 5 6 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 13 14 15

Words in Context

Command of Evidence

1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8 9 10 11 11 12 13 14 15

1 3 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 9 9 10 11 11 12 13 13 14 15

Subscores CONVERSION EQUATION 3 CONVERT

CONVERT



COMMAND OF EVIDENCE RAW SCORE (0-18)

COMMAND OF EVIDENCE SUBSCORE (1-15)

WORDS IN CONTEXT RAW SCORE (0-18)

CONVERT



WORDS IN CONTEXT SUBSCORE (1-15)

EXPRESSION OF IDEAS RAW SCORE (0-24)

CONVERT



STANDARD ENGLISH CONVENTIONS RAW SCORE (0-20)

CONVERT



CONVERT



STANDARD ENGLISH CONVENTIONS SUBSCORE (1-15)

HEART OF ALGEBRA RAW SCORE (0-19)

EXPRESSION OF IDEAS SUBSCORE (1-15)



HEART OF ALGEBRA SUBSCORE (1-15)

PROBLEM SOLVING AND DATA ANALYSIS RAW SCORE (0-17)

PROBLEM SOLVING AND DATA ANALYSIS SUBSCORE (1-15)

CONVERT



PASSPORT TO ADVANCED MATH RAW SCORE (0-16)

K-5MSA09

PASSPORT TO ADVANCED MATH SUBSCORE (1-15)

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

THE SAT ESSAY The SAT Essay assesses reading, analysis, and writing skills. It’s optional and given at the end of the SAT. Essays are evaluated for demonstrated comprehension of a source text, quality of analysis, and quality of writing. See the Essay Scoring Guide on pages 15 and 16 for more information. ▶▶

Total questions: 1 prompt, with points to consider and directions

▶▶

1 passage

▶▶

Time allotted: 50 minutes to read and analyze the passage and to develop a written response On the SAT Essay, you’re asked to demonstrate college- and careerreadiness proficiency in reading, analysis, and writing through comprehending a high-quality source text, producing a cogent and clear written analysis of that text, and supporting that analysis with critical reasoning and evidence drawn from the source. The essay prompt doesn’t ask you to take a stand on the author’s point of view but instead to analyze how the author builds a persuasive argument. Your essay will receive three scores, each on a scale of 2–8:

1. Reading:

Demonstrated comprehension of the passage, its main ideas, and its important details.

2. Analysis:

Demonstrated understanding of the analytical task, and effective analysis of the author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic or persuasive elements (and/or features of your own choice).

3. Writing:

Communication of information and ideas in a structured, cohesive manner, using precise language and a variety of sentence structures and showing a command of the conventions of standard written English. Your Essay scores aren’t combined with each other or with any other scores on the SAT. (They don’t, for instance, affect the Evidence-Based Reading and Writing section score or the total test score.)

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Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

ESSAY SCORING GUIDE Score 4

Reading

Analysis

Writing

ADVANCED: The response

ADVANCED: The response offers an

ADVANCED: The response is cohesive

demonstrates thorough comprehension of the source text.

insightful analysis of the source text and demonstrates a sophisticated understanding of the analytical task.

and demonstrates a highly effective use and command of language.

The response offers a thorough, well-considered evaluation of the author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the student’s own choosing.

The response includes a skillful introduction and conclusion. The response demonstrates a deliberate and highly effective progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay.

The response contains relevant, sufficient, and strategically chosen support for claim(s) or point(s) made.

The response has a wide variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone.

The response shows an understanding of the text’s central idea(s) and of most important details and how they interrelate, demonstrating a comprehensive understanding of the text. The response is free of errors of fact or interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes skillful use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating a complete understanding of the source text.

3

The response focuses consistently on those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task.

The response includes a precise central claim.

The response shows a strong command of the conventions of standard written English and is free or virtually free of errors.

PROFICIENT: The response

PROFICIENT: The response offers an

PROFICIENT: The response is mostly

demonstrates effective comprehension of the source text.

effective analysis of the source text and demonstrates an understanding of the analytical task.

cohesive and demonstrates effective use and control of language.

The response shows an understanding of the text’s central idea(s) and important details. The response is free of substantive errors of fact and interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes appropriate use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating an understanding of the source text.

The response competently evaluates the author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the student’s own choosing. The response contains relevant and sufficient support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses primarily on those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task.

The response includes a central claim or implicit controlling idea. The response includes an effective introduction and conclusion. The response demonstrates a clear progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay. The response has variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates some precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a good control of the conventions of standard written English and is free of significant errors that detract from the quality of writing.

15

Question-and-Answer Service Student Guide

Score 2

Reading

Analysis

Writing

PARTIAL: The response demonstrates

PARTIAL: The response offers

PARTIAL: The response demonstrates

some comprehension of the source text.

limited analysis of the source text and demonstrates only partial understanding of the analytical task.

little or no cohesion and limited skill in the use and control of language.

The response shows an understanding of the text’s central idea(s) but not of important details. The response may contain errors of fact and/or interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes limited and/or haphazard use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating some understanding of the source text.

The response identifies and attempts to describe the author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the student’s own choosing, but merely asserts rather than explains their importance. Or one or more aspects of the response’s analysis are unwarranted based on the text. The response contains little or no support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response may lack a clear focus on those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task.

The response may lack a clear central claim or controlling idea or may deviate from the claim or idea over the course of the response. The response may include an ineffective introduction and/or conclusion. The response may demonstrate some progression of ideas within paragraphs but not throughout the response. The response has limited variety in sentence structures; sentence structures may be repetitive. The response demonstrates general or vague word choice; word choice may be repetitive. The response may deviate noticeably from a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a limited control of the conventions of standard written English and contains errors that detract from the quality of writing and may impede understanding.

1

INADEQUATE: The response

INADEQUATE: The response offers

INADEQUATE: The response

demonstrates little or no comprehension of the source text.

little or no analysis or ineffective analysis of the source text and demonstrates little or no understanding of the analytic task.

demonstrates little or no cohesion and inadequate skill in the use and control of language.

The response fails to show an understanding of the text’s central idea(s), and may include only details without reference to central idea(s). The response may contain numerous errors of fact and/or interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes little or no use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating little or no understanding of the source text.

The response identifies without explanation some aspects of the author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the student’s choosing. Or numerous aspects of the response’s analysis are unwarranted based on the text, The response contains little or no support for claim(s) or point(s) made, or support is largely irrelevant. The response may not focus on features of the text that are relevant to addressing the task. Or the response offers no discernible analysis (e.g., is largely or exclusively summary).

16

The response may lack a clear central claim or controlling idea. The response lacks a recognizable introduction and conclusion. The response does not have a discernible progression of ideas. The response lacks variety in sentence structures; sentence structures may be repetitive. The response demonstrates general and vague word choice; word choice may be poor or inaccurate. The response may lack a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a weak control of the conventions of standard written English and may contain numerous errors that undermine the quality of writing.

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