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WinFlash User Guide

For Phoenix SecureCore Tiano™

Notices Confidential and Proprietary Information The contents of this document are confidential and proprietary to Phoenix Technologies Ltd. Access to this information is restricted. This document is provided for Distributor’s internal use only. This document should not be disclosed to any third party, including customers.

Copyright Copyright © 2010 Phoenix Technologies Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Phoenix Technologies Ltd.

Disclaimers PHOENIX TECHNOLOGIES LTD. MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION HEREIN DESCRIBED AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. FURTHER, PHOENIX TECHNOLOGIES LTD. RESERVES THE RIGHT TO REVISE THIS DOCUMENTATION AND TO MAKE CHANGES FROM TIME TO TIME IN THE CONTENT WITHOUT OBLIGATION OF PHOENIX TECHNOLOGIES LTD. TO NOTIFY ANY PERSON OF SUCH REVISIONS OR CHANGES.

Trademarks The following list contains the trademarks and/or registered trademarks of Phoenix Technologies Ltd. Exclusion from this list does not imply loss of trademark or registered trademark rights by Phoenix Technologies Ltd: Phoenix; Phoenix Technologies; the Phoenix Technologies Logo; AwardCore; Embedded BIOS; Embedded Simplicity; Firmbase; Microcore; Phoenix SecureGuard; Phoenix ServiceMeter; Phoenix WorkBench; SecureCore Tiano; StrongFrame; StrongRom; Tool Development Kit; Trusted Core; WinFlash; and WinPhlash. Any use of other companies or legal entities’ copyrights, trademarks, or registered trademarks is unintentional and in no way implies any legal claim to those copyrights, trademarks, or registered trademarks.

Document The contents of this document are subject to change at the discretion of Phoenix Technologies.

P/N: SCT-TOOLS-WINFLASH-1.5.59.0 Revision Date: August 30, 2011

Phoenix Technologies Ltd.®

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TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 .............................................................................................................................................................. 1

INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 1.1. About WinFlash........................................................................................................................................ 1 1.2. Features .................................................................................................................................................... 1 1.3. Required Software .................................................................................................................................... 2 1.4. Conventions Used in this Manual ............................................................................................................. 2 CHAPTER 2 ............................................................................................................................................................. 3 USING WINFLASH .................................................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Before Using WinFlash ............................................................................................................................ 3 2.1.1. Installing WinFlash ............................................................................................................................ 3 2.1.2. Removing WinFlash .......................................................................................................................... 3 2.1.3. Prerequisites ....................................................................................................................................... 4 2.2. Running WinFlash .................................................................................................................................... 4 2.2.1. Command Line Mode ........................................................................................................................ 4 2.2.2. Windows GUI Mode .......................................................................................................................... 4 2.2.3. BIOS Capsule Flashing ...................................................................................................................... 7 CHAPTER 3 ........................................................................................................................................................... 10 WINFLASH COMMANDS ....................................................................................................................................... 10 3.1. Command Options .................................................................................................................................. 10 3.1.1. Command Option Syntax ................................................................................................................. 10 3.1.2. Command Options List .................................................................................................................... 10 CHAPTER 4 ........................................................................................................................................................... 15 WINFLASH ERROR MESSAGES ............................................................................................................................ 15 4.1. Error Messages ....................................................................................................................................... 15

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Chapter 1

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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1. About WinFlash The Phoenix SecureCore Tiano™ WinFlash utility is a 32-bit Windows application that allows you to update, backup, and restore the BIOS on a flash device. The following table describes the basic features of the WinFlash program. File Name

Operating System

User Interface

Default Settings*

Winflash.exe

WinXP x86, Win7 x86/x64, and WinPE 2.0/2.1/3.0 on Win7 & Vista (SP1) x86

Both Graphical & Command Line

WINFLASH.INI PFLASH.RSP

* WinFlash initializes based on the settings within the WINFLASH.INI file. Command options can be added to a response file; PFLASH.RSP is the default filename. (For more information about command options, see Chapter 3 WinFlash Commands.)

1.2. Features The following lists each feature and its available options: · · · · · · · ·

Phoenix SecureCore Tiano™ BIOS support 32-bit UEFI emulation and Windows Flash Application Supports Windows XP (x86) and Windows 7 (x86/x64 legacy/UEFI) Use SMI handler to update BIOS (Erase/Write/Verify) Based on FD spec. version 0.96 or above Default to preserve the variables of ROM Default to skip Recovery volume (like Boot block) Support flash command line extension (PFLASH.RSP)

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DMI string update support Supports SLP2.0/2.1 BIOS capsule support

1.3. Required Software The following software is required in order to use the WinFlash utility. Microsoft Visual Studio® 2005 or later

1.4. Conventions Used in this Manual This table below shows typographic conventions used in this manual. Bold

Indicates text the user must enter or select, such as menu items, buttons, and commands. Also indicates computer paths, such as File > Save.

Italics

Represents optional variables that a user can specify.

Courier New

Represents filename or code.

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CHAPTER 2 USING WINFLASH 2.1. Before Using WinFlash 2.1.1. Installing WinFlash Perform the following steps to install WinFlash. 1.

Within the Tools Subscription Program (TSP) release package, locate the correct archive, and extract the setup package (e.g. UEFIWinFlash.msi) to your computer. Note: You can choose to install the English, Japanese or Korean versions of this tool.

2.

Open the setup package to launch the Phoenix UEFI Winflash Setup Wizard.

3.

Select the radio button to accept the License Agreement.

4.

Click Install to install the tool to the default folder (e.g. %ProgramFiles%\UEFI Winflash). To select a different destination folder click the Advanced button and select another file path.

5.

Wait until the installation is complete and then click Finish to exit the Setup Wizard. Upon successful installation, the WinFlash tool will be available in the Start menu.

2.1.2. Removing WinFlash Perform one of the following steps to uninstall WinFlash. · ·

Go to Start > Control Panel > Add or Remove Programs > Phoenix UEFI Winflash and then click Remove. Run the original setup package (e.g. UEFIWinFlash.msi). If the tool is present on your computer, you will be prompted to either repair or remove it. Click Remove to remove the tool.

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2.1.3. Prerequisites Prepare the following to flash a new BIOS. · ·

A new BIOS image or capsule file SMI interface with FD support

Note: You can inherit the SETUP variable from the system ROM and add a new variable image file.

2.2. Running WinFlash You can choose to run WinFlash in either command-line or GUI mode. The procedure for capsule files is slightly different so they have separate instructions. For more information about flashing capsule files see Section 2.2.3 BIOS Capsule Flashing. When flashing to BIOS, you may see warning messages if the flash tool detects an issue. For example, you will see a warning message if the flash BIOS has a different product ID or part number than the system BIOS. Warnings also display if the flash BIOS is not new (i.e. same or older) when compared with the date or version number of the system BIOS. Other warnings are displayed if the flash BIOS version string or FlashMap is not found or invalid. In all cases you must cancel the flash operation. Note: If you wish to force flash a new BIOS under any of the conditions described above, use the /force command option or the matching skip BIOS check command options: /sa, /sd, /sn, /sp, or /sv (as described in Section 3.1.2 Command Options List).

2.2.1. Command Line Mode Perform the following steps to run WinFlash in command line mode. 1.

Close all other programs.

2.

From the Start menu, select Run.

3.

Enter the path for the WinFlash program when the Run message box displays, for example, …\WinFlash [options]

4.

Press OK.

Note: You can also run WinFlash from the MS-DOS prompt within Windows.

2.2.2. Windows GUI Mode Perform the following steps to run the WinFlash Windows utility. 1.

Close all other programs and applications.

2.

Double-click on WinFlash.exe to start the program. The following Graphical User Interface (GUI) displays.

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Note: The GUI will not display when WinFlash is launched from the command line with the /p or /remote2 options. 3.

Select one of the following radio buttons in the WinFlash Operation box: o o o

4.

Backup BIOS and Flash BIOS with new settings Backup BIOS only Flash BIOS only

If you are flashing a new BIOS, enter the file path and name of the new BIOS file in the Specify button to browse for the file. new BIOS file: box or use the Note: BIOS files are normally supplied by system manufacturers.

5.

If you are backing up the existing BIOS, enter the file path and name of the backup file in the button to browse for the file. Specify backup file for existing BIOS: box or use the

6.

Click the Advanced button for additional options. Select the options you require and then click OK. Note: These settings become the new default as they are saved to the settings file (winflash.ini).

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Click the Flash or Backup button and then press OK in the popup box to start the process. The following progress dialog displays. Warning: Do not interrupt the program under any condition.

8.

If you are backing up your BIOS only, the utility will display a confirmation message upon successful completion. If you successfully backup and upgrade (flash) your BIOS, the utility displays the following message.

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Chapter 2

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Press Cancel to terminate the restart dialog and return to the main window. Be aware that your system may not execute the features of the newly programmed BIOS until you reboot. Press Restart, or wait, to allow the program to reboot your computer. If your system does not shut down automatically, reboot the system by pressing the Reset button or by turning the power switch off and on.

2.2.3. BIOS Capsule Flashing SecureCore Tiano WinFlash (version 1.3.65.0 and later) can load and flash BIOS capsule files. Perform the following steps to flash a BIOS capsule file. 1.

Close all other programs and applications.

2.

Double-click the WinFlash.exe icon to start the program. The following Graphical User Interface (GUI) displays.

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Note: The GUI will not display if WinFlash is launched from the command line with the /p or /remote2 options. Also, only the flags tab is visible after clicking the Advanced button. 3.

Select the Flash BIOS only radio button.

4.

Enter the file path and name of the new BIOS capsule file in the Specify new BIOS file: box or button to browse for the file. use the Note: BIOS capsule files are normally supplied by system manufacturers.

5.

Click the Flash button and then OK in the popup box to start the process or Cancel to terminate.

6.

If the BIOS capsule file loads successfully, the following dialog box is displayed.

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7.

The system will restart and flash the capsule BIOS within an EFI shell environment. The following image displays the progress dialog for BIOS capsule flashing within an EFI shell.

8.

Upon successful completion, the system will restart, and your OS will load as usual.

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Chapter 3

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CHAPTER 3 WINFLASH COMMANDS 3.1. Command Options Command options can be used in the following ways: · ·

On the command line Within PFLASH.RSP

3.1.1. Command Option Syntax The command option syntax is as follows: WINFLASH

[options] [romfile] [@rspfile]

[options] Entered on the command line. For more information on the command options, see Section 3.1.2 Command Options List. romfile The new BIOS image name, e.g. BIOS.FD @rspfile The response file (PFLASH.RSP by default) contains all command options in text format. Separate each command option with a carriage return and remove all preceding spaces or tabs.

3.1.2. Command Options List The following table lists all available command line options.

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Option:Parameter(s)

Function

/? /help /h

Displays help screen

/all

Flash the entire image including the descriptor region

/bak:filename

Backup ROM to a file.

/bbl

Program the boot block. By default, bootblock is not updated.

/bios

Flash the BIOS region

/cs

Verify the checksum of a .FFS file.

/console

Console mode hides the GUI windows, but unlike the remote2 option, shows the progress dialog. Just as with /remote2, this option also stops the system from rebooting after BIOS flashing.

/cvar

Clear variables

/desc

Flash the descriptor the region

/dmc:string

Specify chassis manufacturer DMI string

/dmm:string

Specify motherboard manufacturer DMI string

/dms:string

Specify system manufacturer DMI string

/dpc:string

Specify chassis asset tag number

/dpm:string

Specify motherboard product ID DMI string

/dps:string

Specify system product ID DMI string

/dsc:string

Specify chassis serial number DMI string

/dsm:string

Specify motherboard serial number DMI string

/dss:string

Specify system serial number DMI string

/dus:string

Specify UUID DMI string

/dvc:string

Specify chassis version DMI string

/dvm:string

Specify motherboard version DMI string

/dvs:string

Specify system version DMI string

/ec

Flash the EC region

/exit

Exit without rebooting. NOTE: This option should not be used with the /p option.

/force

Flash without any modification of the BIOS image. Note: Only the part numbers of the system and flash BIOS will be compared before flashing; all other BIOS metadata (e.g. product ID) will be ignored.

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Option:Parameter(s)

Function

/gbe

Flash the GbE region

/logo:imagefile [:index]

Replace a BIOS logo with an imagefile in JPG, BMP or GIF formats. Note: The file size of the new logo cannot be larger than the current logo and bitmap images should be in 24bit color mode. This option can be used in two ways: 1.

If the BIOS image is not defined in the command line, this option will replace the logo of the current BIOS (i.e. WINFLASH /logo:imagefile).

2.

If the BIOS image is defined in the command line, this option will replace the logo of the new BIOS image (i.e. WINFLASH /logo:imagefile romfile).

Use the index parameter when you wish to replace one of multiple BIOS logos within an image. The “Logo index must be 1 to %d (INVALID PARAMETER)” error message (EFI error #152) will display if the value of index is out of range (i.e. greater than the number of logo images in the BIOS = %d). /ls

Preserves logo images in the system BIOS when flashing. Note: Logo images must be stored in SystemSplashDxe.efi and the total size of images in this file cannot be larger than that in the new BIOS; if so, the flash process will abort.

/me

Flash the ME region

/mfg

Manufacturing mode. Automatically reboots without the need to press a key.

/mod:filename

Updates the module in the BIOS with the module contained in the file (such as /MOD:vga.ffs); the rest of the BIOS image remains unchanged.

/mode=n

Specify dmi mode n = {0, 1, 2, 3} 0: Just update BIOS with new file, don’t update DMI variables. 1: Just update DMI variables, keep ROM BIOS as before. 2: Update BIOS, merge ROM DMI variables with command line (default). 3: Update BIOS, merge image variables with command line.

/p

Production mode (minimize messages and delays). Note: This option will reboot the system after flashing. It should not be used with the /exit option.

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Option:Parameter(s)

Function

/pfaefv:PFAEIA32.fv

In addition to handling PFAE modules packed into the flash BIOS image, now this flash tool can load and run PFAE modules in a separate volume file (e.g. PFAEIA32.fv). Only 32-bit mode PFAE modules are supported within a volume file. If both the volume file and the flash BIOS image contain PFAE modules, the modules in the flash BIOS image are loaded first. Note: The flash tool will abort if it cannot successfully load and run all the PFAE modules within a volume file.

/raw:GUID:filename

Replace the RAW module. Updates the module in the BIOS with the module contained in the file. The rest of the BIOS image remains unchanged.

/remote2

Execute without GUI (allows other applications or computers to call WinFlash). Just as with /console, this option also stops the system from rebooting after BIOS flashing.

/ro[=filename]

In backup ROM only mode, the tool reads the contents of the flash part and saves them to filename without flashing. If filename is not specified, the flash part will be saved to BIOSROM.BAK.

/sa

Skip all BIOS checks.

/sd

Skip BIOS date check.

/slp

Replace SLP marker key in current or new BIOS image. 1) To replace the SLP marker key within the current BIOS: winflash /slp:filename

2) To replace the SLP marker key and flash a new BIOS image winflash /slp:filename newbios.bin

Note: /slp and /spu can be used in combination. /sm

Skips all dialog boxes.

/sn

Skip BIOS part number check.

/sp

Skip BIOS product ID check.

/spu:filename:index

Replace SLP public key in current or new BIOS image. The SLP public key version is set using the index parameter. 1) To replace a SLP2.0 public key within the current BIOS: winflash /spu:filename:20

2) To replace a SLP2.1 public key and flash a new BIOS image winflash /spu:filename:21 newbios.bin

Note: /slp and /spu can be used in combination.

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Option:Parameter(s)

Function

/ss

Keep current SLP keys. This option is useful when the SLP keys are not included with BIOS source files and you wish to flash without changing the SLP key areas.

/sv

Skip BIOS version check

/svs

Bypass the BIOS version check warning when flashing same version of BIOS. Note: Older BIOS versions will still display a warning message.

/swm

Skips all dialog boxes with warnings.

/v

Verify each block after programming it.

/vbl

Show warning for Microsoft Bitlocker

/vcpu[:MCUfile]

Update variable size CPU microcode. The ROM, BIOS image, and MCUfile (if defined) will be compared. The most recent MCU will be flashed to ROM.

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Chapter 4

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CHAPTER 4 WINFLASH ERROR MESSAGES 4.1. Error Messages The following table lists WinFlash error messages in numerical order. Error Code

Error Name

6

PFLASH_ERROR_IMAGE_SIZE

30

PFLASH_ERROR_DRV_MEM_ALLOC

81

PFLASH_ERROR_IMAGE_FILE

82

PFLASH_ERROR_BACKUP_FILE

83

PFLASH_ERROR_SAME_FILE

85

PFLASH_ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_SPACE

97

PFLASH_ERROR_DRIVERLOADFAIL

98

PFLASH_ERROR_DRIVERSERVICEFAIL

99

PFLASH_ERROR_ENVDLLLOADFAIL

100

PFLASH_ERROR_INVALID_BIOS_IMAGE

101

PFLASH_ERROR_UNSUPPORT_BIOS_ROM

102

PFLASH_ERROR_ON_FLASHERROR

103

PFLASH_ERROR_CANNOT_LAUNCH_UEFI

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Error Code

Error Name

104

PFLASH_ERROR_INPUT_FILE_FAILED

105

PFLASH_ERROR_COMMAND_LINE_ERROR

151

EFI_ERROR_LOAD_ERROR

152

EFI_ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER

153

EFI_ERROR_UNSUPPORTED

154

EFI_ERROR_BAD_BUFFER_SIZE

155

EFI_ERROR_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL

156

EFI_ERROR_NOT_READY

157

EFI_ERROR_DEVICE_ERROR

158

EFI_ERROR_WRITE_PROTECTED

159

EFI_ERROR_OUT_OF_RESOURCES

160

EFI_ERROR_VOLUME_CORRUPTED

161

EFI_ERROR_VOLUME_FULL

162

EFI_ERROR_NO_MEDIA

163

EFI_ERROR_MEDIA_CHANGED

164

EFI_ERROR_NOT_FOUND

165

EFI_ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED

166

EFI_ERROR_NO_RESPONSE

167

EFI_ERROR_NO_MAPPING

168

EFI_ERROR_TIMEOUT

169

EFI_ERROR_NOT_STARTED

170

EFI_ERROR_ALREADY_STARTED

171

EFI_ERROR_ABORTED

172

EFI_ERROR_ICMP_ERROR

173

EFI_ERROR_TFTP_ERROR

174

EFI_ERROR_PROTOCOL_ERROR

175

EFI_ERROR_INCOMPATIBLE_VERSION

176

EFI_ERROR_SECURITY_VIOLATION

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Error Code

Error Name

177

EFI_ERROR_CRC_ERROR

178

PFLASH_ID_CHK_FAIL

179

PFLASH_ERROR_BITLOCKER

180

PFLASH_PART_NUM_CHK_FAIL

181

PFLASH_VER_CHK_FAIL

182

PFLASH_DATE_CHK_FAIL

194

FLASH_ERROR_BIOS_PASSWORD_FAIL

195

FLASH_ERROR_EXCEED_PASSWORD_RETRY

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For Phoenix SecureCore Tiano - Support Aures

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